Think You Know Sugar?

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Sugar 101

  1. Sugar – is table sugar which shown below is:sucrose = fructose + glucose sugar 101
  2. Sugars – any combination of different types of monosaccharides and disaccharides such as glucose, fructose, maltose, lactose, galactose, etc. “aka” sugar particles
  3. Refined: to purify or make pure through extraction and filtration.
  4. Molasses is a naturally occurring syrupy substance that gives sugar its brown color.

Natural Sugarsnatural sugar

Natural sugar is sugar that is naturally found in some of the foods that we eat.

  • Fruits
  • Dairy Products
  • Nectars
  • Honey

Usually combined with nutrients such as:

  • Vitamins
  • Fiber
  • Minerals
  • Antioxidants

Fibrous foods allow you to feel full longer and the sugars are taken up by the body slowly.

Raw Sugar

Raw (Turbinado) sugar is basically sugar that has not been completely refined. Some of the molasses is still left in the sugar, leaving it with a light brown color.

Raw sugar barely has traces of minerals such as calcium, iron, and potassium.

 

refined sugarRefined Sugars

Refined: to purify or make pure.

Extract all chemicals and molasses from sugar crystals and only sucrose is left.

Found in foods that are highly processed.

  • Candy
  • Cakes
  • Jellies/jams
  • Cereal
  • Bread
  • Crackers
  • Sodas
  • Juices
  • Flavored yogurts

The body takes these sugars up quickly which spikes blood sugar in a short amount of time. You usually lack the full and satisfied feeling after eating the food item.

Processed or Synthetic Sugars:

  • High fructose corn syrup
  • Sucralose, aspartame, saccharin, xylitol, sorbitol
  • Fruit juice concentrates

Sugar 101

Written By

Photo of Vince Webb, Jr.Vince Webb, Jr.Extension Agent, Family and Consumer Sciences (336) 641-2400 vince_webb@ncsu.eduGuilford County, North Carolina
Updated on Dec 2, 2016
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